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dc.contributorHollis, Karen
dc.contributor.advisorColodner, Kenneth
dc.contributor.advisorTanner, Geoffrey
dc.contributor.authorLi, Jinglu
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-18T19:31:13Z
dc.date.available2016-05-18T19:31:13Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10166/3750
dc.description.abstractSeizures are abnormal epochs of neuronal hyperexcitability. The lowcarbohydrate, high-fat ketogenic diet (KD) is an effective treatment for epilepsy in juveniles especially for drug-resistant seizures. KD produces ketone bodies (KB, e.g. β- hydroxybutyrate, or βHB) that are thought to have anticonvulsant properties, however, their exact mechanism of action is unknown. In vitro, presumably anticonvulsant KB effects appear to be mediated by KATP channels and GABAB signaling. In order to study the role of GABAB signaling and KATP channels, the eas bang-sensitive mutant strain, which exhibits seizures upon mechanical stimulation, was used. This strain is expected to have reduced seizure like activity (SLA) in the presence of βHB after mechanical shock. Fly SLA was examined under various conditions of diet and pharmacological treatment. Using automated computer scoring of behavior, eas flies fed the βHB supplemented diet exhibited significantly fewer “jumps” (interpreted as SLA’s) compared with the control diet. Application of CGP55485 (a GABAB blocker), or tolbutamide (a KATP blocker) partially reversed these KB effects in this whole-animal model, validating its use for further study of seizure disorders.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNeuroscience and Behavioren_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectDrosophilaen_US
dc.subjectKetogenic dieten_US
dc.titleKetogenic Diet and Seizure Susceptibility in a Whole-Animal Drosophila melanogaster Model: Effects and Mechanismsen_US
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.gradyear2016en_US
mhc.institutionMount Holyoke College
mhc.degreeUndergraduateen_US
dc.rights.restrictedpublicen_US


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