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dc.contributorChumley, Timothy
dc.contributorJayathilake, Himali
dc.contributorvan Giessen, Alan
dc.contributor.advisorGomez, Maria
dc.contributor.authorHoang, Minh Tam
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-22T15:29:22Z
dc.date.available2020-12-22T15:29:22Z
dc.date.issued2020-12-22
dc.identifier.urihttps://ida.mtholyoke.edu/handle/10166/6290
dc.description.abstractProton conduction is a crucial property of fuel cell electrolytes. Unlike oxide-ion conductivity in oxide-ion conductors, proton conductivity occurs at a lower temperature (less than 600◦C), enhancing material stability and facilitating heat recovery for a variety of applications. Perovskite structure, ABO3 is one of the structure families that observe proton diffusion and proton conductivity, making it a potential candidate for solid-state proton conductors. Previous works studied the proton conduction in 12.5% Y-doped BaZrO3 system with multiple protons and found that the incorporation of protons into the system affects backbone distortion, kinetic energy barriers, and proton trajectories. In this study, we investigate the effect of one proton on the pathways of another proton in the same system but with larger dimension. The ab initio method is utilized to obtain the total electronic energy for each configuration using Density Functional Theory and the Perdew–Burke–Ernzerhof functional. The lowest-energy configuration results from the structure in which two protons are in closest proximity to the dopant. We notice that the distortion induced by protons only affects backbone structure at the local level in the large system. However, the presence of two protons completely alters the tilting pattern in the smaller system. The Nudged Elastic Band method is applied to the perovskite configurations to find the conduction pathways between two proton binding sites. As a result, we found that there are no contractions of the intra-octahedral and inter-octahedral O-O distances along the proton pathway with rotation movement. However, both intra-octahedral and inter-octahedral transfers cause changes in lattice distortion and witness intermediate minima between initial and final binding sites, suggesting more complex pathways. Also, we notice that a full inter-octahedral transfer has a tendency to break down into two consecutive intra-octahedral transfer along the Nudged Elastic Band pathways, suggesting the prioritization of intra-octahedral transfers in the proton trajectories.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipChemistryen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectChemistryen_US
dc.subjectperovskite oxideen_US
dc.subjectfuel cellen_US
dc.subjectsolar oxide fuel cellen_US
dc.subjectproton conductionen_US
dc.subjectdensity functional theoryen_US
dc.subjectnudged elastic band methoden_US
dc.subjectComputational Chemistryen_US
dc.subjectTheoretical Chemistryen_US
dc.titleThe effect of one proton on the possible pathways of another proton in yttrium-doped barium zirconateen_US
dc.typeThesis
dc.date.gradyear2021en_US
mhc.institutionMount Holyoke College
mhc.degreeUndergraduateen_US
dc.rights.restrictedrestricteden_US


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 United States